Full Syllabus of Accountancy for Class 11th.

Full Syllabus of Accountancy for Class 11th. & Course Structure

11th CBSE

Full Syllabus of Accountancy for Class 11th. & Course Structure

                           Accountancy: 

                               Course Structure
                                      Class-XI (2018-19)-

19. ACCOUNTANCY (Code No. 055)
Rationale
The course in accountancy is introduced at plus two stage of senior second of school education, as the
formal commerce education is provided after ten years of schooling. With the fast changing economic
scenario, accounting as a source of financial information has carved out a place for itself at the senior
secondary stage. Its syllabus content provide students a firm foundation in basic accounting concepts and
methodology and also acquaint them with the changes taking place in the preparation and presentation of
financial statements in accordance to the applicable accounting standards and the Companies Act 2013.
The course in accounting put emphasis on developing basic understanding about accounting as an
information system. The emphasis in class Xi is placed on basic concepts and process of accounting leading to
the preparation of accounts for a sole proprietorship firm. The students are also familiarized with basic
calculations of Goods and Services Tax (GST) in recording the business transactions.
The increased role of ICT in all walks of life cannot be overemphasized and is becoming an integral part of
business operations. The learners of accounting are introduced to Computerized Accounting System at class
XI and XII. Computerized Accounting System is a compulsory component which is to be studied by all
students of commerce in class XI; whereas in class XII it is offered as an optional subject to Company
Accounts and Analysis of Financial Statements. This course is developed to impart skills for designing need
based accounting database for maintaining book of accounts.
The complete course of Accountancy at the senior secondary stage introduces the learners to the world of
business and emphasize on strengthening the fundamentals of the subject.
Objectives:
1. To familiarize students with new and emerging areas in the preparation and presentation of financial
statements.
2. To acquaint students with basic accounting concepts and accounting standards.
3. To develop the skills of designing need based accounting database.
4. To appreciate the role of ICT in business operations.
5. To develop an understanding about recording of business transactions and preparation of financial
statements.
6. To enable students with accounting for Not-for-Profit organizations, accounting for Partnership
Firms and company accounts.
Accountancy (Code No.055)
Couse Structure
Class-XI (2018-19)
One Paper Theory: 90 Marks
3 Hours
Units Periods Marks
Part A: Financial Accounting-1
Unit-1: Theoretical Framework 25 15
Unit-2: Accounting Process 105 40
130 55
Part B: Financial Accounting-II
Unit-3: Financial Statements of Sole Proprietorship from Complete and
Incomplete Records
60 25
Unit-4: Computers in Accounting 20 10
80 35
Part C: Project Work 30 10
SYLLABUS: CLASS-XI ACCOUNTANCY
PART A: FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING – I 55 Marks
Unit-1: Theoretical Frame Work 25 Periods
Units/Topics Learning Outcomes
Introduction to Accounting 11 Periods
 Accounting- concept, objectives, advantages and
limitations, types of accounting information;
users of accounting information and their
needs. Qualitative Characteristics of Accounting
Information. Role of Accounting in Business.
 Basic Accounting Terms- Business Transaction,
Capital, Drawings. Liabilities (Non Current and
Current). Assets (Non Current, Current); Fixed
assets (Tangible and Intangible), Expenditure
(Capital and Revenue), Expense, Income, Profit,
Gain, Loss, Purchase, Sales, Goods, Stock, Debtor,
Creditor, Voucher, Discount (Trade discount and
Cash Discount)
Theory Base of Accounting 14 Periods
 Fundamental accounting assumptions: GAAP:
Concept
 Business Entity, Money Measurement, Going
Concern, Accounting Period, Cost Concept, Dual
Aspect, Revenue Recognition, Matching, Full
Disclosure, Consistency, Conservatism, Materiality
and Objectivity
 System of Accounting. Basis of Accounting: cash
basis and accrual basis
 Accounting Standards: Need, benefits, limitations,
applicability; IFRS- Need
After going through this Unit, the students will be able
to:
 describe the meaning, significance, objectives,
advantages and limitations of accounting in the
modem economic environment with varied
types of business and non-business economic
entities.
 identify / recognise the individual(s) and entities
that use accounting information for serving their
needs of decision making.
 explain the various terms used in accounting and
differentiate between different related terms
like current and non-current, capital and
revenue.
 give examples of terms like business transaction,
liabilities, assets, expenditure and purchases.
 explain that sales/purchases include both cash
and credit sales/purchases relating to the
accounting year.
 differentiate among income, profits and gains.
 state the meaning of fundamental accounting
 Goods and Services Tax (GST): Characteristics and
Objective.
assumptions and their relevance in accounting.
 describe the meaning of accounting assumptions
and the situation in which an assumption is
applied during the accounting process.
 explain the meaning and objectives of
accounting standards.
 appreciate that various accounting
standards developed nationally and globally are
in practice for bringing parity in the accounting
treatment of different items.
 acknowledge the fact that recording of
accounting transactions follows double entry
system.
 explain the bases of recording accounting
transaction and to appreciate that accrual basis
is a better basis for depicting the correct
financial position of an enterprise.
 Understand the need of IFRS
 Explain the meaning, objective and
characteristic of GST.
Unit-2: Accounting Process 105 Periods
Units/Topics Learning Outcomes
Recording of Business Transactions 30 Periods
 Voucher and Transactions: Source documents and
Vouchers, Preparation of Vouchers, Accounting
Equation Approach: Meaning and Analysis, Rules of
Debit and Credit.
 Recording of Transactions: Books of Original Entry-
 Journal
 Special Purpose books:
 Cash Book: Simple, cash book
with bank column and petty
cashbook
 Purchases book
 Sales book
 Purchases return book
 Sales return book
Note: Including simple GST calculations
 Ledger: Format, Posting from journal and subsidiary
books, Balancing of accounts
15 Periods
Bank Reconciliation Statement:
 Need and preparation, Bank Reconciliation Statement
with Adjusted Cash Book
Depreciation, Provisions and Reserves. 20 Periods
 Depreciation: Concept, Features, Causes, factors
 Other similar terms: Depletion and Amortisation
After going through this Unit, the students will be able
to:
 explain the concept of accounting equation
and appreciate that every transaction affects
either both the sides of the equation or a
positive effect on one item and a negative
effect on another item on the same side of
accounting equation.
 explain the effect of a transaction (increase
or decrease) on the assets, liabilities, capital,
revenue and expenses.
 appreciate that on the basis of source
documents, accounting vouchers are
prepared for recording transaction in the
books of accounts.
 develop the understanding of recording of
transactions in journal and the skill of
calculating GST.
 explain the purpose of maintaining a Cash
Book and develop the skill of preparing the
format of different types of cash books and
the method of recording cash transactions in
Cash book.
 Methods of Depreciation:
i. Straight Line Method (SLM)
ii. Written Down Value Method (WDV)
Note: Excluding change of method
 Difference between SLM and WDV; Advantages of
SLM and WDV
 Accounting treatment of depreciation
i. Charging to asset account
ii. Creating provision for
depreciation/accumulated depreciation
account
iii. Treatment for disposal of asset
 Provisions and Reserves: Difference
 Types of Reserves:
i. Revenue reserve
ii. Capital reserve
iii. General reserve
iv. Specific reserve
v. Secret Reserve
 Difference between capital and revenue reserve
Accounting for Bills of Exchange. 20 Periods
 Bill of exchange and Promissory Note: Definition,
Specimen, Features, Parties.
 Difference between Bill of Exchange and Promissory
Note
 Terms in Bill of Exchange:
i. Term of Bill
ii. Accommodation bill (concept)
iii. Days of Grace
iv. Date of maturity
v. Discounting of bill
vi. Endorsement of bill
vii. Bill after due date
viii. Negotiation
ix. Bill sent for collection
x. Dishonour of bill
xi. Retirement of bill
xii. Renewal of bill
 Accounting Treatment
Note: excluding accounting treatment for accommodation bill
Trial balance and Rectification of Errors 20 Periods
 Trial balance: objectives and preparation
(Scope: Trial balance with balance method only)
 Errors: types-errors of omission, commission,
principles, and compensating; their effect on
Trial Balance.
 Detection and rectification of errors; preparation
of suspense account.
 describe the method of recording
transactions other than cash transactions as
per their nature in different subsidiary
books .
 appreciate that at times bank balance as
indicated by cash book is different from the
bank balance as shown by the pass book /
bank statement and to reconcile both the
balances, bank reconciliation statement is
prepared.
 develop understanding of preparing bank
reconciliation statement.
 appreciate that for ascertaining the position
of individual accounts, transactions are
posted from subsidiary books and journal
proper into the concerned accounts in the
ledger and
develop the skill of ledger posting.
 explain the necessity of providing
depreciation and develop the skill of using
different methods for computing
depreciation.
 understand the accounting treatment of
providing depreciation directly to the
concerned asset account or by creating
provision for depreciation account.
 appreciate the method of asset disposal
through the concerned asset account or by
preparing asset disposal account.
 appreciate the need for creating reserves
and also making provisions for events which
may belong to the current year but may
happen in next year.
 appreciate the difference between reserve
and reserve fund.
 acquire the knowledge of using bills of
exchange and promissory notes for financing
business transactions;
 understand the meaning and distinctive
features of these instruments and develop
the skills of their preparation.
 state the meaning of different terms used in
bills of exchange and their implication in
accounting.
 explain the method of recording of bill
transactions.
 state the need and objectives of preparing
trial balance and develop the skill of
preparing trial balance.
 appreciate that errors may be committed
during the process of accounting.
 understand the meaning of different types of
errors and their effect on trial balance.
 develop the skill of identification and
location of errors and their rectification and
preparation of suspense account.
Part B: Financial Accounting – II 35 Marks
Unit 3: Financial Statements of Sole Proprietorship: From Complete and Incomplete Records 60 Periods
Units/Topics Learning Outcomes
Financial Statements
Receipts and Expenditure: Revenue receipts and capital
receipts. Capital expenditure, Revenue expenditure and
deferred expenditure
Objective and Importance.
Trading and Profit and Loss Account: Gross Profit,
Operating profit and net profit. Preparation.
Balance Sheet: need, grouping and marshalling of assets
and liabilities. Preparation.
Adjustments in preparation of financial statements with
respect to closing stock, outstanding expenses, prepaid
expenses, accrued income, income received in advance,
depreciation, bad debts, provision for doubtful debts,
provision for discount on debtors, Abnormal loss, Goods
taken for personal use/staff welfare, interest on capital
and managers commission.
Preparation of Trading and Profit and Loss account and
Balance Sheet of a sole proprietorship with adjustments.
Incomplete Records
Features, Reasons and Limitations.
Ascertainment of profit/loss by statement of affairs
method.
Difference between Accounts from incomplete records
and Statement of Affairs. Preparation of Trading , Profit
and Loss account and Balance Sheet.
After going through this Unit, the students will be able
to:
 state the meaning of financial statements the
 purpose of preparing financial statements.
 state the meaning of gross profit, operating profit
and net profit and develop the skill of preparing
trading and profit and loss account.
 explain the need for preparing balance sheet.
 understand the technique of grouping and
marshalling of assets and liabilities.
 appreciate that there may be certain items other
than those shown in trial balance which may need
adjustments while preparing financial statements.
 develop the understanding and skill to do
adjustments for items and their presentation in
financial statements like depreciation, closing
stock, provisions, abnormal loss etc.
 develop the skill of preparation of trading and
profit and loss account and balance sheet.
 state the meaning of incomplete records and their
uses and limitations.
 develop the understanding and skill of
computation of profit / loss using the statement
of affairs method.
Unit 4: Computers in Accounting 20 Periods
Units/Topics Learning Outcomes
 Introduction to computer and accounting
information system {AIS}: Introduction to
computers (elements, capabilities, limitations of
computer system)
 Introduction to operating software, utility
software and application software. Introduction
to accounting information system (AIS) as a part
of Management Information System.
 Automation of accounting process: meaning
 Stages in automation: (a) Accounting process in a
computerised environment; comparison
between manual accounting process and
computerised accounting process, (b) Sourcing
of accounting software; kinds of software:
readymade software; customised software and
tailor-made software; generic considerations
before sourcing accounting software (c) creation
of account groups and hierarchy (d) generation
of reports – trial balance, profit and loss account
and balance sheet.
Scope:
(i) The scope of the unit is to understand accounting as
an information system for the generation of
accounting information and preparation of
accounting reports.
(ii) It is presumed that the working knowledge of any
appropriate accounting software will be given to the
students to help them learn basic accounting
operations on computers.
After going through this Unit, the students will be able
to:
 state the meaning of a computer, describe its
components, capabilities and limitations.
 state the meaning of accounting information
system.
 appreciate the need for use of computers in
accounting for preparing accounting reports.
 develop the understanding of comparing the
manual and computerized accounting process
and appreciate the advantages and limitations
of automation.
 understand the different kinds of accounting
software.
Part C: Project Work (Any One) 10 Marks 30 Periods
1. Collection of source documents, preparation of vouchers, recording of transactions with the help of vouchers.
2. Preparation of Bank Reconciliation Statement with the given cash book and the pass book with twenty to twentyfive
transactions.
3. Comprehensive project of any sole proprietorship business. This may state with journal entries and their ledgering,
preparation of Trial balance. Trading and Profit and Loss Account and Balance Sheet. Expenses, incomes and profit
(loss), assets and liabilities are to be depicted using pie chart / bar diagram.
COMPREHENSIVE PROJECT
It is suggested to undertake this project after completing the unit on preparation of financial statements. The student(s)
will be allowed to select any business of their choice or develop the transaction of imaginary business.
The project is to run through the chapters and make the project an interesting process. The amounts should emerge as
more realistic and closer to reality.
3. Specific Guidelines for Teachers
Give a list of options to the students to select a business form. You can add to the given list:
1. A beauty parlour 10. Men’s wear 19. A coffee shop
2. Men’s saloon 11. Ladies wear 20. A music shop
3. A tailoring shop 12. Kiddies wear 21. A juice shop
4. A canteen 13. A Saree shop 22. A school canteen
5. A cake shop 14. Artificial jewellery shop 23. An ice cream parlour
6. A confectionery shop 15. A small restaurant 24. A sandwich shop
7. A chocolate shop 16. A sweet shop 25. A flower shop
8. A dry cleaner 17. A grocery shop
9. A stationery shop 18. A shoe shop
After selection, advise the student(s) to visit a shop in the locality (this will help them to settle on a realistic amounts
different items. The student(s) would be able to see the things as they need to invest in furniture, decor, lights,
machines, computers etc.
A suggested list of different item is given below.
1. Rent 19. Wages and Salary
2. Advance rent [approximately three months] 20. Newspaper and magazines
3. Electricity deposit 21. Petty expenses
4. Electricity bill 22. Tea expenses
5. Electricity fitting 23. Packaging expenses
6. Water bill 24. Transport
7. Water connection security deposit 25. Delivery cycle or a vehicle purchased
8. Water fittings 26. Registration
9. Telephone bill 27. Insurance
10. Telephone security deposit 28. Auditors fee
11. Telephone instrument 29. Repairs & Maintenance
12. Furniture 30. Depreciations
13. Computers 31. Air conditioners
14. Internet connection 32. Fans and lights
15. Stationery 33. Interior decorations
16. Advertisements 34. Refrigerators
17. Glow sign 35. Purchase and sales
18. Rates and Taxes
At this stage performas of bulk of originality and ledger may be provided to the students and they may be asked to
complete the same.
In the next step the students are expected to prepare the trial balance and the financial statements.
Suggested Question Paper Design Accountancy (Code No. 055) Class XI (2018-19)
Marks 90 Duration: 3 hrs.
S.
No.
Typology of Questions Very
Short
Answer
1 Mark
Short
Answer
I
3 Marks
Short
Answer
II
4 Marks
Long
Answer
I
6 Marks
Long
Answer
II
8 Marks
Marks %
1
Remembering – (Knowledge based
simple recall questions, to know
specific facts, terms, concepts,
principles, or theories; identify,
define, or recite, information)
2
2
1
1

18
20%
2
Understanding – (Comprehension
– to be familiar with meaning and to
understand conceptually, interpret,
compare, contrast, explain,
paraphrase, or interpret information)

1
1
2
1
27
30%
3
Application – (Use abstract
information in concrete situation, to
apply knowledge to new situations;
Use given content to interpret a
situation, provide an example, or
solve a problem)


2
1
1
22
25%
4
High Order Thinking Skills – (Analysis
& Synthesis- Classify, compare,
contrast, or
differentiate between different
pieces of information; Organize
and/or integrate unique pieces of
information from a variety of
sources)
2
2
1
1

18
20%
5
Evaluation – (Appraise, judge, and/or
justify the value or worth of a
decision or outcome, or to predict
outcomes based on values)
2
1



5
5%
TOTAL
6×1=6
6×3=18
5×4=20
5×6=30
2×8=16
90
(24)
100%
100
Note: Scheme of options: All questions carrying 8 marks will have internal choice.
Note: The Board has introduced Learning Outcomes in the syllabus to motivate students to constantly explore all levels
of learning. However these are only indicative. These do not in any way restrict the scope of questions being asked in the
examinations. The examination question will be strictly based on the prescribed question paper design and syllabus.
Accountancy (Code No. 055)
Class-XII (2018-19)
One Paper Theory: 80 Marks
3 Hours
Units Periods Marks
Part A Accounting for Not-for-Profit Organizations, Partnership Firms and
Companies
Unit 1. Financial Statements of Not-for-Profit Organizations 25 10
Unit 2. Accounting for Partnership Firms 90 35
Unit 3. Accounting for Companies 35 15
150 60
Part B Financial Statement Analysis
Unit 4. Analysis of Financial Statements 30 12
Unit 5. Cash Flow Statement 20 8
50 20
Part C Project Work 40 20
Project work will include:
Project File 4 Marks
Written Test 12 Marks (One Hour)
Viva Voce 4 Marks
OR
Part B Computerized Accounting
Unit 4. Computerized Accounting 50 20
Part C Practical Work 26 20
Practical work will include:
Practical File 4 Marks
Practical Examination 12 Marks (One Hour)
Viva Voce’ 4 Marks
Part A: Accounting for Not-for-Profit Organizations, Partnership Firms and Companies
60 Marks 150 Periods
Unit 1: Financial Statements of Not-for-Profit Organizations 25 Periods
Units/Topics Learning Outcomes
 Not-for-profit organizations: concept.
 Receipts and Payments Account: features and
preparation.
 Income and Expenditure Account: features,
preparation of income and expenditure account
and balance sheet from the given receipts and
payments account with additional information.
Scope:
(i) Adjustments in a question should not exceed 3 or 4 in
number and restricted to subscriptions, consumption
of consumables and sale of assets/ old material.
(ii) Entrance/admission fees and general donations are
to be treated as revenue receipts.
(iii) Trading Account of incidental activities is not to be
prepared.
After going through this Unit, the students will be able
to:
 state the meaning of a Not-for-profit
organisation and its distinction from a profit
making entity.
 state the meaning of receipts and payments
account, and understanding its features.
 develop the understanding and skill of preparing
receipts and payments account.
 state the meaning of income and expenditure
account and understand its features.
 develop the understanding and skill of preparing
income and expenditure account and balance
sheet of a not-for-profit organisation with the
help of given receipts and payments account
and additional information.
Unit 2: Accounting for Partnership Firms 90 periods
Units/Topics Learning Outcomes
 Partnership: features, Partnership Deed.
 Provisions of the Indian Partnership Act 1932 in
the absence of partnership deed.
 Fixed v/s fluctuating capital accounts.
Preparation of Profit and Loss Appropriation
account- division of profit among partners,
guarantee of profits.
 Past adjustments (relating to interest on capital,
interest on drawing, salary and profit
After going through this Unit, the students will be able
to:
 state the meaning of partnership, partnership
firm and partnership deed.
 describe the characteristic features of partnership
and the contents of partnership deed.
 discuss the significance of provision of Partnership
Act in the absence of partnership
sharing ratio).
 Goodwill: nature, factors affecting and methods
of valuation – average profit, super profit and
capitalization.
Note: Interest on partner’s loan is to be treated as a
charge against profits.
Accounting for Partnership firms – Reconstitution and
Dissolution.
 Change in the Profit Sharing Ratio among the
existing partners – sacrificing ratio, gaining ratio,
accounting for revaluation of assets and
reassessment of liabilities and treatment of
reserves and accumulated profits. Preparation of
revaluation account and balance sheet.
 Admission of a partner – effect of admission of a
partner on change in the profit sharing ratio,
treatment of goodwill (as per AS 26), treatment
for revaluation of assets and re- assessment of
liabilities, treatment of reserves and
accumulated profits, adjustment of capital
accounts and preparation of balance sheet.
 Retirement and death of a partner: effect of
retirement / death of a partner on change in
profit sharing ratio, treatment of goodwill (as per
AS 26), treatment for revaluation of assets and
reassessment of liabilities, adjustment of
accumulated profits and reserves, adjustment of
capital accounts and preparation of balance
sheet. Preparation of loan account of the retiring
partner.
 Calculation of deceased partner’s share of profit
till the date of death. Preparation of deceased
partner’s capital account and his executor’s
account.
 Dissolution of a partnership firm: meaning of
dissolution of partnership and partnership firm,
types of dissolution of a firm. Settlement of
accounts – preparation of realization account,
and other related accounts: capital accounts of
partners and cash/bank a/c (excluding piecemeal
distribution, sale to a company and insolvency of
partner(s)).
Note:
(i) The realized value of each asset must be given at the
time of dissolution.
(ii) In case, the realization expenses are borne by a
deed.
 differentiate between fixed and fluctuating
capital, outline the process and develop the
understanding and skill of preparation of Profit
and Loss Appropriation Account.
 develop the understanding and skill of
prepration profit and loss appropriation account
involving guarantee of profits.
 develop the understanding and skill of making
past adjustments.
 state the meaning, nature and factors affecting
goodwill
 develop the understanding and skill of valuation
of goodwill using different methods.
 state the meaning of sacrificing ratio, gaining
ratio and the change in profit sharing ratio
among existing partners.
 develop the understanding of accounting
treatment of revaluation assets and reassessment
of liabilities and treatment of
reserves and accumulated profits by preparing
revaluation account and balance sheet.
 explain the effect of change in profit sharing
ratio on admission of a new partner.
 develop the understanding and skill of
treatment of goodwill as per AS-26, treatment
of revaluation of assets and re-assessment of
liabilities, treatment of reserves and
accumulated profits, adjustment of capital
accounts and preparation of balance sheet of
the new firm.
 explain the effect of retirement / death of a
partner on change in profit sharing ratio.
 develop the understanding of accounting
treatment of goodwill, revaluation of assets and
re-assessment of liabilities and adjustment of
accumulated profits and reserves on retirement
/ death of a partner and capital adjustment.
 develop the skill of calculation of deceased
partner’s share till the time of his death and
prepare deceased partner’s executor’s account.
 discuss the preparation of the capital accounts
of the remaining partners and the balance sheet
of the firm after retirement / death of a
partner.
 understand the situations under which a
partner, clear indication should be given regarding the
payment thereof.
partnership firm can be dissolved.
 develop the understanding of preparation of
realisation account and other related accounts.
Unit-3 Accounting for Companies 35 Periods
Units/Topics Learning Outcomes
Accounting for Share Capital
 Share and share capital: nature and types.
 Accounting for share capital: issue and allotment of
equity and preferences shares. Public subscription
of shares – over subscription and under subscription
of shares; issue at par and at premium, calls in
advance and arrears (excluding interest), issue of
shares for consideration other than cash.
 Concept of Private Placement and Employee Stock
Option Plan (ESOP).
 Accounting treatment of forfeiture and re-issue of
shares.
 Disclosure of share capital in the Balance Sheet of a
company.
Accounting for Debentures
 Debentures: Issue of debentures at par, at a premium
and at a discount. Issue of debentures for
consideration other than cash; Issue of debentures
with terms of redemption; debentures as collateral
security-concept, interest on debentures. Writting
off discount / loss on issue of debentures.
 Redemption of debentures-Methods: Lump sum,
draw of lots.
Creation of Debenture Redemption Reserve.
Note: Related sections of the Companies Act, 2013 will
apply.
After going through this Unit, the students will be able
to:
 state the meaning of share and share capital
and differentiate between equity shares and
preference shares and different types of share
capital.
 understand the meaning of private placement
of shares and Employee Stock Option Plan.
 explain the accounting treatment of share
capital transactions regarding issue of shares.
 develop the understanding of accounting
treatment of forfeiture and re-issue of forfeited
shares.
 describe the presentation of share capital in the
balance sheet of the company as per schedule
III part I of the Companies Act 2013.
 explain the accounting treatment of different
categories of transactions related to issue of
debentures.
 develop the understanding and skill of writing
of discount / loss on issue of debentures.
 understand the concept of collateral security
and its presentation in balance sheet.
 develop the skill of calculating interest on
debentures and its accounting treatment.
 state the meaning of redemption of debentures.
 develop the understanding of accounting
treatment of transactions related to
redemption of debentures by lump sum, draw
of lots and Creation of Debenture Redemption
Reserve.
Part B: Financial Statement Analysis 20 Marks
Unit 4: Analysis of Financial Statements 30 Periods
Financial
Statement
Sheet in
statements of
Profit and the
prescribed
of a
Loss
form
company:
and Balance
with major
After going through this Unit, the students will be able to:
 develop the understanding of major headings
headings and sub headings (as per Schedule III to
the Companies Act, 2013).
Note: Exceptional items, extraordinary items and profit
(loss) from discontinued operations are excluded.
 Financial Statement Analysis: Objectives,
importance and limitations.
 Tools for Financial Statement Analysis:
Comparative statements, common size
statements, cash flow analysis, ratio
analysis.
 Accounting Ratios: Meaning, Objectives,
classification and computation.
Liquidity Ratios: Current ratio and Quick ratio.
Solvency Ratios: Debt to Equity Ratio, Total Asset to
Debt Ratio, Proprietary Ratio and Interest Coverage
Ratio.
Activity Ratios: Inventory Turnover Ratio, Trade
Receivables Turnover Ratio, Trade Payables Turnover
Ratio and Working Capital Turnover Ratio.
Profitability Ratios: Gross Profit Ratio, Operating Ratio,
Operating Profit Ratio, Net Profit Ratio and Return on
Investment.
and sub-headings (as per Schedule III to the
Companies Act, 2013) of balance sheet as per the
prescribed norms / formats.
 state the meaning, objectives and limitations of
financial statement analysis.
 discuss the meaning of different tools of ‘financial
statements analysis’.
 develop the understanding and skill of
preparation of comparative and common size
financial statements.
 state the meaning, objectives and significance of
different types of ratios.
 develop the understanding of computation of
current ratio and quick ratio.
 develop the skill of computation of debt equity
ratio, total asset to debt ratio, proprietary ratio
and interest coverage ratio.
 develop the skill of computation of inventory
turnover ratio, trade receivables and trade
payables ratio and working capital turnover ratio.
 develop the skill of computation of gross profit
ratio, operating ratio, operating profit ratio, net
profit ratio and return on investment.
Note: Net Profit Ratio is to be calculated on the basis profit before and after tax.
Unit 5: Cash Flow Statement 20 Periods
Project Work 20 Marks 40 Periods
Note: Kindly refer to the Guidelines published by the CBSE.
OR
Part B: Computerised Accounting 20 Marks 50 Periods
Unit 3: Computerised Accounting
After going through this Unit, the students will
be able to:
 state the meaning and objectives of cash
flow statement.
 develop the understanding of preparation
of Cash Flow Statement using indirect
method as per AS 3 with given
adjustments.
 Meaning, objectives and preparation (as
per AS 3 (Revised) (Indirect Method only)
Note:
(i) Adjustments relating to depreciation and
amortization, profit or loss on sale of assets
including investments, dividend (both final
and interim) and tax.
(ii) Bank overdraft and cash credit to be treated
as short term borrowings.
(iii) Current Investments to be taken as Marketable
securities unless otherwise specified.
Overview of Computerised Accounting System.
 Introduction: Application in Accounting.
 Features of Computerised Accounting System.
 Structure of CAS.
 Software Packages: Generic; Specific; Tailored.
Accounting Application of Electronic Spreadsheet.
Concept of electronic spreadsheet.
Features offered by electronic spreadsheet.
Application in generating accounting information – bank reconciliation statement; asset accounting; loan repayment
of loan schedule, ratio analysis
Data representation- graphs, charts and diagrams.
Using Computerized Accounting System.
Steps in installation of CAS, codification and Hierarchy of account heads, creation of accounts.
Data: Entry, validation and verification.
Adjusting entries, preparation of balance sheet, profit and loss account with closing entries and opening entries.
Need and security features of the system.
Database Management System (DBMS)
Concept and Features of DBMS.
DBMS in Business Application.
Generating Accounting Information – Payroll.
Part C: Practical Work 20 Marks 26 Periods
Please refer to the guidelines published by CBSE.
Prescribed Books:
Financial Accounting -I Class XI NCERT Publication
Accountancy -II Class XI NCERT Publication
Accountancy -I Class XII NCERT Publication
Accountancy -II Class XII NCERT Publication
Guidelines for Project Work in Accounting and Practical work in computerised Accounting Class XII CBSE
Publication
Suggested Question Paper Design
Accountancy (Code No. 055)
Class XII (2018-19)
One Paper Theory: 80 Marks
Duration: 3 hrs.
S.
No.
Typology of Questions Very
Short
Answer
1 Mark
Short
Answer
I
3 Marks
Short
Answer
II
4 Marks
Long
Answer
I
6 Marks
Long
Answer
II
8 Marks
Marks %
1.
Remembering – (Knowledge based
Simple recall questions, to know
specific facts, terms, concepts,
principles, or theories; Identify,
define, or recite, information)
3
1
1
1

16
20%
2.
Understanding – (Comprehension – to
be familiar with meaning and to
understand conceptually, interpret,
compare, contrast, explain,
paraphrase, or interpret information)
2

2
1
1
24
30%
3.
Application – (Use abstract
information in concrete situation, to
apply knowledge to new situations;
Use given content to interpret a
situation, provide an example, or
solve a problem)

2
2
1

20
25%
4.
High Order Thinking Skills – (Analysis
& Synthesis- Classify, compare,
contrast, or differentiate between
different pieces of information;
Organize and/or integrate unique
pieces of
information)
2


1
1
16
20%
5.
Evaluation – (Appraise, judge, and/or
justify the value or worth of a decision
or outcome, or to predict outcomes
based on values)
1
1



04
05%
TOTAL
8×1=8
4×3=12
5×4=20
4×6=24
2×8=16
80(23)
+20
Project
100
%
Scheme of options: All questions carrying 8 marks will have an internal choice.
Note: The Board has introduced Learning Outcomes in the syllabus to motivate students to constantly explore
all levels of learning. However these are only indicative. These do not in any way restrict the scope of questions
asked in the examinations. The examination questions will be strictly based on the prescribed question paper
design and syllabus