Syllabus of Home Science For Class 12th. (Theory)

Syllabus of Home Science For Class 12th. (Theory)

12th CBSE

Syllabus of Home Science For Class 12th. (Theory)                    


                                 CLASS XII (2018 – 19)

                            COURSE STRUCTURE (THEORY)

Unit No. of periods Marks
I Human Development: Life Span Approach (Part II) 40 30
II Nutrition during life span 40
III Money Management and Consumer Education 40 35
IV Apparel: Designing, Selection and Care 40
V Community Development and Extension (Part II) 20 5
VI Career Options after Home Science Education 5
Practical 35 30
Total 220 100


UNIT 1: Human Development: Life Span Approach (Part-II):

  • 1. Adolescence (12 – 18 years)-

  • (i). Growth & Development – Domains and principles.
  • (ii). Meaning, characteristics, and needs.
  • (iii). Influences on identity formation:-
  1. Biological and Physical changes-early and late matures. (Role of heredity and environment).
  2. By social, culture and media.
  3. Emotional changes.
  4. Cognitive changes.
  • (iv) Specific issues and concerns:
  • 1. Eating disorders-Causes, consequences and management – Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia.
  • 2. Depression.
  • 3. Substance Abuse.
  • 4. Related to sex.
  • 5. Handling stress and peer pressure

2. Adulthood:


  • (i) Young & middle adulthood: Understanding and management of new responsibilities, carrier marriage and family.
  • (ii) Late Adulthood/Old age:
  • 1. Health and Wellness: physical, social, emotional, financial, recreational needs
  • 2. Anger management.
  • 3. Care for elderly (at home and outside – old age home).


UNIT 2: Nutrition For self, Family and Community:


  • (a)Meal Planning: 

Meaning  and  importance,  principles  and  factors  affecting  meal  planning; Nutritional needs, food preferences and modifications of diets in different age groups: infants, children, adolescence, adults, elderly and in special conditions: pregnancy and lactation (including traditional foods given in these conditions).

  • (i): Use of basic food groups (ICMR) and serving size in meal planning.
  • (ii): Factors influencing the selection of food: culture, family food practices, media, peer group, availability of foods, purchasing power, individual preference & health.


  • (b) Food safety and quality:
  • (i): Safe food handling (personal, storage, kitchen, cooking and serving).
  • (ii): Safety guards against food adulteration, definition and meaning of food adulteration as given by FSSAI (Food Safety and Standard Authority of India).
  • (iii): Common adulterants present in cereals, pulses, milk and milk products, fats and oils, sugar, jaggery, honey, spices and condiments.
  • (iv): Effects of some of the adulterants present in the foods: kesari dal, metanil yellow, argemone seeds.
  • (v): Food standards (FPO, Agmark, ISI).
  • (c): Therapeutic modification of normal diet with respect to consistency, frequency, foodstuffs, nutrients and methods of cooking.
  • (d): Modification of diet according to common ailments: diarrhoea, fever, jaundice, hypertension, diabetes and constipation. Physiological changes, clinical symptoms, requirements and dietary requirements in each condition.


Unit III: Money Management and Consumer Education:

  • (a) Family Income:

(i)- Various sources of family income:

  • money income.
  • real income (direct and indirect).
  • psychic income.
  • (ii)- Supplementing family income-need and ways; need and procedure for maintaining household accounts (daily, weekly and monthly).


  • (b)Savings and Investment:
  • (i)Meaning and importance of savings.
  • (ii)Basis for selection of investment methods: risk, security, profit, tax saving.
  • (iii)Ways/methods of investment –
  • Bank schemes (saving, fixed, recurring);
  • Post Office schemes (savings, recurring deposit, monthly income scheme, National saving certificate, Senior citizen scheme);
  • Insurance schemes (whole life, mediclaim);
  • Public Provident Fund (PPF), Provident Fund (PF).
  • (iv)- Consumer Protection and Education: Meaning, problems faced by consumer, Consumer Protection Amendment Act (2011); Consumer aids: labels, standardization marks, (ECO Mark, Hallmark, Wool mark, Silk mark), advertising, leaflets, and Consumer redressal forum, Internet.


Unit IV: Apparel: Designing, Selection, and Care-

  • (i)- Application of elements of art and principles of design in designing apparel.
  • (ii)- Selection and purchase of fabrics- purpose, cost, season, quality, durability, ease of maintenance and comfort.
  • (iii)- Selection of apparel- factors influencing selection of apparel- age, size, climate, occupation, figure, occasion, fashion, drape cost and workmanship.
  • (iv)- Care and maintenance of clothes:
  • (a) Cleansing agents: soaps and detergents (basic differences and their utility);
  • (b) Stain removal – General principles of stain removal, stain removal of tea, coffee, lipstick, ball pen, Grease, Curry and Blood.
  • (c) Storage of clothes.


Unit V:   Community Development and Extension:

  • (i)- Water safety: Safe drinking water-importance of potable water for good health, and its qualities, simple methods of making water safe for drinking; boiling, filtering (traditional and modern technology), use of alum, chlorine.
  • (ii)- Salient features of income generating schemes.
  • DWCRA (Development of Women and Children in Rural Area).
  • MGNREGA (Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, 2005).


Unit VI: Career Options after Home Science Education  :

  • Career options of self and wage employment of various fields of Home Science.