Students memorize all organic reactions but unable to rearrange all these reactions and solve problems based on organic conversions. This is an effort to systematize and rearrange the organic reactions to solve problems based on organic conversions.
Keep in mind the following basic conversion:-
- Hunsdicker (to step down a carbon)
- Iodoform preparation(to step down a carbon)
- Carboxylation ( to step up a carbon)
- Alkyl Cyanide formation( to step up a carbon)
- Rearrangement of various functional groups
- Hinsberg method
Here are some of the tips which will help you further:-
Keep Revising in mind:
In the course of organic chemistry, you will find many reagents. Some are reducing agents(LiAlH4), some oxidize(O3), while some dehydrate.(conc. H2SO4). Know what they do, make a list, and remember them.
Make a chart of reactions of a specific class of compounds to master organic chemistry. You can start with benzene. The most important thing is to do it by yourself.
2. Don’t Forget Acid-Base Reactions:
Did you know that more than half of organic chemistry is based on acid-base reaction? You can call them Electrophile and Nucleophile if you like. Know how they interact with each other and 90% of organic chemistry will be a breeze for you.
The Lewis Concept of Acids and Bases teaches us a very important concept in organic chemistry. That is, the ability to predict where the charge is most stable. It is important because in any reaction, the molecule tries to get its more stable form. If we can predict where the charge is most stable, we can predict what direction the reaction will take, and what the product is.
3. First Understanding, Then Memorization:
Memorization is; overall, a poor strategy that is resorted to when people haven’t planned ahead sufficiently and have to cram the night before an exam. There are; however, certain aspects of the course that require memorization – like nomenclature terms, reagent names and acronyms, functional groups, and so on. While some students might get the hang of it after a few weeks of the course, others might have to resort to flash cards or other memory-centered devices in order to remember the course material. There’s nothing wrong with that, as long as it’s coupled with a dedication toward understanding the deeper concepts.
4. Build a Strong Foundation:
Students tend to skip the beginning of the lecture and early chapters of material because it’s “background” or “really easy” and jump into the material they don’t understand. This is a recipe for self-defeat! Organic chemistry is like a pyramid – the top will collapse without a strong base. Even if you think you have no time, go back to the introduction and early chapters and spend some time reviewing this material. You will likely be surprised how much better you will grasp the “hard” material once you completely understand the “easy” bit!
5. Don’t Run Away from the Problems:
Of course, if you have a great attitude but don’t take the time to work the problems, the results will still be ugly! Learning Organic Chemistry requires problem practice. You should attempt all NCERT questions, then your reference book exercises and hit the past year papers. Spend all the extra time you save from theory for organic chemistry into solving problems. So, work the problems! Work the problems! Work the problems!
6. The structure is Important:
Organic chemistry can be this huge jungle, thanks to such a large number of compounds. The good thing is, we can arrange all these compounds into groups, based on their structure. Structure gives properties to a compound. It tells us which reactions are possible and which are not.
Understand how to draw structures from a name and how to identify the number of bonds, hybridization of different atoms. Have you heard of bond line diagrams? You must have seen that in benzene we draw lines instead of atoms. Can you identify all the atoms in such a diagram? It also clearly shows which part of an organic compound will be most active in reactions. Learn them properly to master organic chemistry.
so these were some of the tips about which I’m sure that you will get the help. so, do your best and ALL THE BEST.
Please Subscribe Us to get latest important notifications, Exam news, Papers and Many More…
[formidable id=”2″ title=”1″]