About Mechanical Engineering and its Future Scope
“mechanical progress there is apparently no end: for as in the past so in the future, each step in any direction will remove limits and bring in past barriers which have till then blocked the way in other directions; and so what for the time may appear to be a visible or practical limit will turn out to be but a bend in the road”.
Mechanical engineering is a discipline of engineering that applies the principles of physics and materials science for analysis, design, manufacturing, and maintenance of mechanical systems. It is the branch of engineering that involves the production and usage of heat and mechanical power for the design, production, and operation of machines and tools. It is one of the oldest and broadest engineering disciplines.
Mechanical Engineering science emerged in the 19th century as a result of developments in the field of physics. The field has continually evolved to incorporate advancements in technology. Mechanical engineers today are pursuing developments in fields such as composites, mechatronics and nano technology. Mechanical Engineering overlaps with aerospace engineering, civil engineering, electrical engineering, petroleum engineering and chemical engineering to varying amounts.
Jobs directly related to your degree include:
3.Contracting civil engineer
4.Control and instrumentation engineer
Jobs where your degree would be useful include:
1.Corporate investment banker
5.Technical sales engineer
The scopes for mechanical engineers are in the rise and it is evident from the following facts
1.Growth rate of Indian economy
2.Government push for infrastructure development
3.Start-up India Plan, that eases obtaining of bank loans, licenses & registrations
4.huge foreign direct investments
5.Make in India scheme
6.Lot of MNCs setting up their R&D centers in India
7.More infrastructures are being built to encourage innovation
Mechanical engineers are not only responsible for the design of mechanical systems but they also contribute to testing, maintenance, and manufacturing process making impact each and every stage.
In general, the job profile of mechanical engineers can be classified into the following segments,
1.Research and Development (R&D): This is an exciting role and the job responsibilities involve developing new products & design by doing market research and implementing them to find out the possibilities. This will be a very good choice if you are interested to learn new things and explore latest technologies.
2.Design: This job role involves the drafting of technical drawings, design criterion either manually or with the aid of computers. This will be an ideal role for you if you are good with drawings and computer software.
3.Production: This job role mainly involves the supervision of manufacturing process of components and machines. If you are interested in manufacturing process and want to get experienced with the techniques involved in production this will be a very good field for you.
4.Analysis & Testing: The job role is to analyze & test the different types of machines and their parts to ensure that they don’t have any faults and function flawlessly. This will be a very good option for you if like to get experienced in the production process.
5.Installation: This role involves the application knowledge of professional to install machines and mechanical parts at the industries and client location. This role mostly requires application knowledge. So, if you are the one who is good at application not in theory this will be the right field for you.
6.Maintenance: The primary role involved in this job is to ensure that the machinery is working as per the specifications without any faults. Most of the core industries have a dedicated team who does the maintenance of their products, machines, and equipment. This role also requires more of practical and application knowledge.
Here are some of the industries that take in lots of mechanical engineers into their process
1.Automobile Industry: Automobile industry is one of the fast growing industries that offer a variety of opportunities for mechanical engineers in Research & Development to Maintenance. All the top automobile industries have already begun to invest lots of money on developing self-driving autonomous cars, pod-based transportation, bullet trains etc.
So there is a lot of scope for mechanical engineers in this field. If you start early and develop the necessary skills needed to work in the automobile sector, you can develop an exciting career in automobile industry.
2.Aerospace Industry: We have been hearing news about how intellectuals are trying to bring in more innovation in the aerospace industry from developing flying taxis to reusable satellites, that is the pace in which this industry is advancing.
Mechanical engineers will have a predominant role to play in this sector, as these mostly dependant on the design and manufacturing of heavy machinery and components. You need to get skilled on aerodynamics, aeromodelling principles etc. to pursue a career in this industry.
3.Steel Plants: India was the world’s third-largest steel producer in 2016. The steel industries are having a phenomenal growth mainly due to the large availability of raw materials domestically. This market is growing by 10 per cent every year making it one of the largest contributors to India’s manufacturing output.
There is a lot of scope for mechanical engineers in this sector, and the job role offered varies from production to maintenance. Mechanical engineers who have good knowledge of metallurgy and material science can opt to work in this sector.
4.Thermal Plants: Power industries are considered to be the greatest contributor to the economic development and industrialization in India. There is new power generating stations that are being installed all across the country to meet the energy demands.
This particular industry has a significant importance in the present scenario and will continue to play an important role in the power development for the years to come. Mechanical engineers who are good at thermodynamics, heat & energy transfer subjects can opt to work in this sector and will find it as a challenging career.
5.Shipping Industry: Shipping industries play a crucial role in the Indian economy, as 90% of the nation’s trade by volume is done via sea. India has been the largest merchant shipping fleet among the developing nations.
Currently the shipping industry offers job opportunities for thousands of engineers in India, the maritime industry is constantly evolving and striving for increased innovation. It is evident that there will be more requirements for mechanical engineers in the coming years. Mechanical engineering students who are interested to take up installation and maintenance roles will find lots of opportunities in this sector.
6.Mechatronics Related: Mechatronics is one of the trending technologies of today that offers wide variety of job opportunities for mechanical engineers. As it is a multi-disciplinary field that integrates the mechanical concepts and electronics, a lot of mechanical engineers would be needed to meet the industrial requirements.
All the major industries of today have already started implementing solutions that would result in automation and improving efficiency. Mechatronics is one such solution that the industries prefer to reduce the human interaction and improve efficiency. From film industries to the manufacturing plants, more mechanical engineers would be needed to work on the mechatronics field.
7.Robotics Industry: Robotics is the current technological innovation in which many of the industries are investing lot of time and resources. Mechanical engineers also play a major role in this innovative technology as more mechanical skills are needed for implementation.
hope you have good idea the branch .choose the branch and fly with bright colors in the sky..